Edinburgh was the main Scottish Assay Office. Edinburgh’s marks consist of:

Maker’s mark
Town mark, (three castles)
Variable date letter
Duty mark, (from 1784 onwards)

The rules were not always strictly followed when it came to hallmarking sugar tongs. Either the thistle or town marks were used on a fairly random basis.This means that a pair of sugar tongs could be marked with either the thistle or the castle, but rarely with both. The date letter was not used until quite late. Very often multiple marks are punched, either the maker’s mark several times or the thistle. This is even more noticeable with the provincial towns. There were a number of Edinburgh makers and I have shown tongs by them below.If you are looking at collecting Scottish Provincial work, bear in mind that it will often be hall-marked with Edinburgh marks.

AG & Co. - Alexander Gardner & Co.

AG - Alexander Gairdner

AS - Alexander Spence

AZ - Alexander Zeigler

FH - Francis Howden

GB - George Bell

GE - George Elder - Banff

H&S - James Hewitt and Robert Swan

IZ - John Zeigler

JL - John Leslie?

JM - Jonathan Millidge?

LB - Lindsay Beech

MC - Mathew Craw

NP - Neil Paton?

WH - William Hannay?

WPC - W & P Cunningham

WR - William Robertson

WZ - William Zeigler